Mormon Trail

The Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail traces the route that Brigham Young and his followers took when relocating the headquarters for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints’. A group of over 15,000 Mormons traveled west from Nauvoo, Illinois in hopes of ending up at the Great Basin beyond the Rocky Mountains.

On June 14, 1846, thousands of pioneers reached Council Bluffs, then known as Kanesville. Here they created the Grand Encampment which included over 90 cluster settlements within a 40-mile radius of Council Bluffs. They stayed in the area before ultimately continuing their journey west.

Follow the trail through Pottawattamie County! There are several significant spots along the way.

West Nishnabotna River Crossing at Old Towne Park in Macedonia, IA

The pioneers had to build a bridge to cross the West Nishnabotna River as they traveled west towards Council Bluffs on July 12, 1846. The original bridge no longer exists but there is a 10,000 pound, red granite boulder that commemorates where the Mormons approached the West Nishnabotna in Macedonia. Find Google Map directions to Old Towne Park here


The Grand Encampment (Iowa School for the Deaf, Council Bluffs, IA)

The Grand Encampment was where the Mormons stayed while they were in Council Bluffs. The camp stretched for miles but was located where Iowa School for the Deaf is currently at. Along the Iowa School for the Deaf Nature Trail, you will find a grounds marker with information about the encampment and the Mormon battalion mustering grounds.


Western Historic Trails Center (Council Bluffs, IA)

The Western Historic Trails Center has an exhibit dedicated to the Mormon Trail. Learn what the early travelers experienced when traveling across Iowa.


Kanesville Tabernacle & Visitor Center (Council Bluffs, IA)

The original tabernacle was built in December 1847 in Council Bluffs. This is the location that a meeting was held in which they sustained Brigham Young as the President of the Church.  The tabernacle was reconstructed and now is a historical site that includes exhibits and historical artifacts about the Mormon Battalion and the Mormon Trail.



Trail Map

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Pay tribute to the “Eagles of Honor”, the Freedom Rock, and other projects to Honor veterans and other public figures.

All Trails

Go back to our full list of trails!